From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|13th Governor of Oregon|
June 17, 1910 – January 11, 1911
|Preceded by||Frank W. Benson|
|Succeeded by||Oswald West|
|President of the Oregon State Senate|
|Preceded by||E. W. Haines|
|Succeeded by||Ben Selling|
|Born||August 15, 1876|
|Died||October 25, 1957 (aged 81)|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Hoover Bowerman, 1903;|
Wayfe Hockett Bowerman, 1914
|Alma mater||Willamette University|
Jay Bowerman (August 15, 1876 – October 25, 1957) was an American politician who served as the 13th Governor of Oregon, for the final few months of the term of Frank Benson, who retired due to illness.
Bowerman entered Willamette University in 1893, and graduated with a law degree in 1896. He was admitted to the Oregon Bar the following year, practicing law in Salem until 1899. He then moved to Condon, in Gilliam County, Oregon, where he lived for the next 12 years. There he became a law partner of H. H. Henricks. Bowerman's service in the Spanish–American War briefly interrupted his practice of law.
See also: Oregon gubernatorial election, 1910
When Governor Frank W. Benson was incapacitated by ill health in June 1910, he asked Bowerman, as president of the Senate, to assume gubernatorial responsibilities. On June 16, 1910, at age thirty-three, Bowerman became Acting Governor.
Mindful of the bureaucratic economy, Bowerman advocated the establishment of a Board of Control to administer the state institutions, which would permit fiscal savings by combined purchasing for state institutions through the office of a single purchasing agent. However, the Board of Control was not established until the administration of his successor. He acted to reduce the risk of loss through bank failure by prohibiting Oregon bankers from the use of speculative stock as assets if they had actively promoted that stock.
In 1904, the citizens of Oregon adopted a direct primary law prohibiting party nominating conventions. Establishment Republicans, unwilling to relinquish party control over nominations, held an "assembly" in 1910 at which they nominated Bowerman as their candidate for governor.
Bowerman's Democratic gubernatorial rival, Oswald West, cast him as an opponent of the Oregon System of direct government. Bowerman campaigned on a platform supporting modernized highway systems, increased economies in the administration of government, and continued tight control of state land management. Bowerman was also involved in a sex scandal, having an affair with his secretary. West defeated him 54,853 votes to 48,751.
After leaving the office of governor on January 8, 1911, Bowerman moved to Portland, where he resumed the practice of law. He was reelected president of the State Senate but retired following the 1911 session.
As a private citizen he actively supported Oregon's first statewide bond issue for highway construction, a $6,000,000 proposal. He also served as an active lobbyist for years at the State Legislature.
Bowerman died in Portland in 1957, and was buried in Lincoln Memorial Park in Portland, Oregon.
From an early age, Bowerman was estranged from his father.
Bowerman married Elizabeth Hoover in 1903 and they had four children. Bill Bowerman became a well-known track and field coach at the University of Oregon, as well as coach of the U.S. Olympic Track and Field team at the 1972 Olympics in Munich. He co-founded Nike, Inc. with Phil Knight.
Bowerman and Elizabeth eventually divorced, and Bowerman married Wayfe Hockett in 1914. This marriage produced two children.
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.